June 30 1863 – Prelude to Gettysburg

After some minor skirmishes, Major General John Buford is convinced that the Confederates are near the small town of Cashtown and that they will be marching on Gettysburg the next day. Buford sends a message to Gen. John Reynolds to come up quickly while he holds with...

Prelude to Gettysburg – The Battle of Hanover

The Battle of Hanover, Pennsylvania was a small skirmish among Union and Confederate cavalry that had a significant impact on the Gettysburg Campaign by delaying Confederate General JEB Stuart. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick’s division of Union cavalry dashes north to...

Battle of Sterretts Gap

In June 1863, the Confederates Army was advancing up the Cumberland Valley in Pennsylvania and was lead by a cavalry brigade under General Albert G. Jenkins. Jenkins and his men arrived in Carlisle on June 27, then continued east toward the town of Mechanicsburg....

Major Sullivan Ballou and the Letter to His Wife Sarah

On July 14th, 1861, Major Sullivan Ballou wrote a letter to his wife Sarah at home in Rhode Island one week before he fought and died in the First Battle of Bull Run.  Sullivan Ballou was born to Hiram and Emeline Ballou, a distinguished Huguenot family in Smithfield,...